In 2001, approximately 48 percent of Mumbai’s population was between the ages of fifteen and forty, the most productive working period. At that time, the number of seniors (those above the age of sixty-five) in the city was a mere 4.16 percent. The population of the city since the early 1990s has grown at less than half the rate of the national population, indicating an absence of migration. With improvements in medical facilities and young couples choosing to have fewer children, the city’s death rate as well as its birth rate has decreased. A spindle-shaped age-gender diagram will emerge in the next twenty years, which will slowly widen at the top
As Mumbai's residents grow older, frequency of travel beyond their immediate neighborhoods decreases tremendously. Neighborhood ties become stronger and more relevant. However, most transportation investment in Mumbai is focused on creating megaprojects that cover long distances. While funds are spent to develop flyovers, bridges, and expressways, spaces at the neighborhood level are grossly neglected. With the drastic increase in the population of seniors, Mumbai will have to find a way to invest and retrofit neighborhood-level infrastructure to support seniors as they navigate the city. To accommodate this growing population, pedestrian infrastructure should take center stage in Mumbai’s planning efforts.